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Malignant Breast Tumor

In the natural course of things, cells in the body divide (reproduce) only when new ones are required. Cells in a particular section of the body can sometimes grow and divide out of control, resulting in a mass of tissue known as a tumor. The tumor is labeled benign if the cells that are growing out of control are normal cells (not cancerous). The tumor is classified as malignant if the out-of-control cells are aberrant and do not act like the body's normal cells (cancerous). Cancers are called by the body component from which they emerge. Breast cancer begins in the tissue of the breast. Breast cancer, like other malignancies, has the ability to enter and expand into the tissue that surrounds the breast. It can also spread to other parts of the body, resulting in the formation of additional tumors, a process known as metastasis. Breast cancer surgeons in Dubai, are the most recommended for their experience and success rate.

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Types of breast tumour:

  1. Infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma:

This cancer begins in the breast milk ducts. It subsequently breaks through the duct's wall and invades the breast's surrounding tissue. The most frequent type of breast cancer, accounting for 80% of occurrences, is this.

2. Ductal Carcinoma in Situ:

Ductal carcinoma in situ, also known as precancerous ductal carcinoma, is ductal carcinoma in its early stages (stage 0). The term "in situ" refers to a malignancy that hasn't spread beyond its original location. The illness is limited to the milk ducts in this patient and has not spread to surrounding breast tissue. Ductal carcinoma in situ can progress to aggressive malignancy if left untreated. Almost all of them can be cured.

3. Infiltrating Lobular Carcinoma:

This cancer starts in the lobules of the breast, where breast milk is produced, but it has spread to the breast's surrounding tissues. Breast cancer accounts for 10 to 15% of all cases. Mammograms may make it more difficult to detect this cancer.

4. Lobular Carcinoma in Situ:

Lobular carcinoma in situ is a breast cancer sign that exclusively exists in the lobules. It's not a true cancer, but it's a sign that you're at a higher chance of getting breast cancer later on, in both or either breast. Women with lobular carcinoma in situ should get clinical breast exams and mammography on a frequent basis.

Causes:

Breast cancer develops when some breast cells begin to grow abnormally, according to doctors. These cells divide at a faster rate than healthy cells and continue to grow, generating a lump or mass. Cells in your breast may spread (metastasize) to your lymph nodes or other places of your body. Cells in the milk-producing ducts are the most common source of breast cancer (invasive ductal carcinoma). Breast cancer can start in the glandular tissue called lobules, or in other cells or tissue within the breast (invasive lobular carcinoma). Hormonal, lifestyle, and environmental factors have all been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer, according to research. However, it's unclear why some people with no risk factors get cancer and others with risk factors never do. Breast cancer is most likely caused by a complicated combination between your genetic makeup and your environment.

Treatment:

If the tests reveal cancer, you and your doctor will devise a treatment plan aimed at eradicating the disease, reducing the chances of it returning in the breast, and preventing it from spreading to other parts of the body. Following the diagnosis, treatment usually begins within a few weeks. The sort of treatment prescribed will be determined by the size and location of the tumour in the breast, as well as the findings of lab tests performed on cancer cells and the disease's stage, or extent. Your doctor will normally take into account your age, general health, and feelings about the treatment options when making a decision.

Breast cancer is treated in two ways: locally and systemically. Local treatments are used to treat cancer cells in a localised region, such as the breast, by removing, destroying, or controlling them. Local therapies include surgery and radiation. Cancer cells are destroyed or controlled throughout the body via systemic therapy. Chemotherapy and hormone therapy are two examples of systemic therapies. Depending on her specific illness, a patient may receive only one type of treatment or a mix of treatments.

The malignant section of the breast and a region of normal tissue surrounding the tumour are removed during breast conservation surgery, with the goal of preserving the breast's normal appearance. A lumpectomy, sometimes known as a partial mastectomy, is the name given to this treatment. Some lymph nodes in the breast and/or under the arm are usually removed as well for assessment. The remaining breast tissue is usually treated with six weeks of radiation therapy. The majority of women with a tiny, early-stage tumour are good candidates for this treatment.
 

Another alternative is a mastectomy, which involves the removal of the entire breast. The mastectomy procedures used today are not the same as the radical mastectomies used in the past. Radical mastectomies were major operations that removed the breast tissue, skin, and muscles of the chest wall. Mastectomies nowadays do not usually involve the removal of muscles, and many women choose for either rapid or delayed breast reconstruction. Breast cancer surgeons in Dubai provide the best facilities with pre and post treatment help, leaving every patient satisfied and happy with their treatment. 

Image by JC Gellidon
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About Dr. Ghodratollah Nowrasteh

Dr. Ghodratollah Nowrasteh is a surgical oncologist with a doctorate in Medicine from the Medical University of Pécs in Hungary. He has a Qualification in Breast Surgery from the European Board of Surgery in Belgium and a Qualification in Surgical Oncology from the European Board of Surgical Oncology.

Dr. Nowrasteh is a highly experienced expert at the many kinds of cases handled by the General Surgery department, including surgery for breast cancer, thyroid cancer, colorectal cancer, and soft tissue tumours. He performs minimally invasive laparoscopic surgeries. He also uses laparoscopic techniques to perform hernia, gallbladder, appendix and gastro intestinal surgeries in addition to performing colorectal and proctology (fistula, haemorrhoids, pilonidal sinus, etc...) related surgeries.