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Oncology is a medical speciality that focuses on cancer research, diagnosis, and treatment. An oncologist is a physician who specialises in the treatment of cancer. 


Multidisciplinary cancer conferences bring together medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, radiologists, and organ-specific oncologists to discuss the best possible treatment for a specific patient, taking into account the patient's physical, social, psychological, emotional, and financial circumstances. Oncologists must keep up with the latest advances in oncology since cancer management changes frequently.


Using biopsy, endoscopy, X-ray, CT scanning, MRI, PET scanning, ultrasound, or other radiological methods, oncologists must first diagnose malignancy. Cancer can be diagnosed via nuclear medicine, blood testing, and tumour markers. Oncology is usually tied with haematology, the branch of medicine that deals with blood and blood-related disorders.


Medical oncology, radiation oncology, and surgical oncology are the three major therapeutic disciplines in oncology.

  1. Chemotherapy: 

Chemotherapy, hormonal therapies, biological therapies, and other targeted treatments are used by medical oncologists to treat cancer. Medical oncologists are frequently thought of as primary cancer doctors. Medical oncologists assist their patients in coping with side effects as well as monitoring and maintaining their health. Patients frequently follow up with their medical oncologists after their therapy is over.

2. Radiation Oncologists:

High-energy photon beams are used by radiation oncologists to target and destroy cancer cells. Approximately half of all cancer patients will receive radiation treatments as part of their cancer treatment. Small "seeds" of irradiated material implanted in the damaged area work best for some malignancies, while powerful beams of radiation that are so precisely focused that they're dubbed "radiosurgery" work best for others.

3. Surgical Oncologists: 

If your health care physician suspects you have cancer, a surgical oncologist may be one of the first specialists you see. Surgical oncologists frequently do biopsies, which include removing a small part of tissue and examining it for cancer cells. If cancer cells are discovered, you may need to see a surgical oncologist again to have the tumour and surrounding tissues removed. During cancer treatment, the surgeon will assist you in preparing for and recovering from any surgical procedures.

4. Paediatric Oncologists:

Children with cancer are diagnosed and treated by paediatric oncologists. Every year, around 175,000 children under the age of 15 are diagnosed with cancer around the world. In the United States, around 80% of children with cancer who are diagnosed and treated will survive. Some paediatric oncologists specialise on certain types of cancer, while others concentrate on cancer research in children. Most paediatric oncologists spend a significant amount of time teaching families whose children are undergoing cancer therapy.

5. Gynaecologic Oncologists:

Gynaecologic oncologists treat cancers that affect women, such as ovarian, cervical, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar cancers, but they also treat difficult non-cancerous gynaecological disorders such endometriosis and fibroid tumours. Gynaecological oncologists, like other cancer specialists, undergo several years of training focused exclusively on cancers that afflict women.

6. Haematologist Oncologist:

Haematologists are doctors who specialise in treating blood cancers such as leukaemia and lymphoma. They may also treat blood illnesses that aren't cancer, such as sickle cell anaemia and haemophilia.

What to expect when you go to meet an oncologist?

It's possible that your first oncology appointment will take two to three hours. Because your oncologist will need to gather information about your health, this will take some time. Expect the following as well: 

  • Emotion, or rather, a strange lack of it. When you learn you have cancer, you may experience anxiety, rage, or despair. It's also probable that you'll initially experience a numb sense of shock. 


  • A physical examination. Even if your primary care physician has given you a physical exam, your oncologist will most likely do so as well.


  • There are some additional tests. Additional blood tests or imaging studies may be required. 


  • Meetings with other members of the cancer care team. You may meet with other healthcare professionals or individuals who can assist you in understanding the insurance procedure and treatment expenses. 


  • A positive prognosis. An oncologist may be able to provide you with a rough estimate of how long it will take you to recover.

The Dubai Oncology and Haematology services are a dedicated facility that offers a wide range of Medical Oncology and Haematology services for all types of cancers, including surgery, chemotherapy, and palliative care. With a dedicated staff led by Medical & Surgical Oncologists, the Dubai facilities are dedicated to offering a spectrum of Medical, Surgical Oncology, and Haematology services for all types of cancers and haematological malignancies.


In Dubai, you find the best oncologist in UAE. The provision for cancer oncology surgery to breast oncology surgery, everything is available in Dubai. Dr. Ghodratollah is one of the best surgical oncologist in Dubai. With the best pre and post treatment care, Dr. Ghodratollah has got himself to the top positions in all over UAE.

Image by JC Gellidon

About Dr. Ghodratollah Nowrasteh

Dr. Ghodratollah Nowrasteh is a surgical oncologist with a doctorate in Medicine from the Medical University of Pécs in Hungary. He has a Qualification in Breast Surgery from the European Board of Surgery in Belgium and a Qualification in Surgical Oncology from the European Board of Surgical Oncology.

Dr. Nowrasteh is a highly experienced expert at the many kinds of cases handled by the General Surgery department, including surgery for breast cancer, thyroid cancer, colorectal cancer, and soft tissue tumours. He performs minimally invasive laparoscopic surgeries. He also uses laparoscopic techniques to perform hernia, gallbladder, appendix and gastro intestinal surgeries in addition to performing colorectal and proctology (fistula, haemorrhoids, pilonidal sinus, etc...) related surgeries.

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